American Abolitionists and Antislavery Activists:
Conscience of the Nation

Updated April 4, 2021

l to r: Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips

l to r: Frederick Douglass, William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips

Encyclopedia of Civil War Military Biography - U


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Encyclopedia of Civil War Military Biography – U

ULLMANN, Daniel, soldier, born in Wilmington, Delaware, 28 April, 1810. He was graduated at Yale in 1829, studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practised in New York, where he was master in chancery from 1839 till 1844. In 1854 he was the candidate of the American or Know-Nothing Party for governor of New York, and received a very large vote. In 1861 he raised the 78th New York Volunteers, in which he served as colonel, was captured in August, 1862, and confined in Libby Prison until October of that year, when he was released on parole. He was promoted brigadier-general on 13 January, 1863, and ordered to appoint a cadre of officers and to go to Louisiana to raise five regiments of colored troops, afterward increased to a corps. This was the first order issued by the U. S. government for the raising of colored troops. He was brevetted major-general of U. S. volunteers on 13 March, 1865, was mustered out, 24 August, 1865, and was made major-general in November, 1865. General Ullmann received the degree of LL. D. from Madison University in 1861. Appletons’ Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 1888, Vol. VI, p. 205.

UNDERWOOD, Adin Ballou, soldier, born in Milford,  Massachusetts, 19 May, 1828; died in Boston,  Massachusetts, 14 January, 1888. His ancestors came to Hingham before 1637 and afterward settled in Watertown. His father, Orison, was a brigadier-general of militia. After graduation at Brown in 1849 the son studied law at Harvard, was admitted to the bar in 1853, and settled in Boston in 1855. At the beginning of the Civil War he was active in raising recruits, and he was appointed captain in the 2d Massachusetts Infantry in April, 1861. He became major in the 33d Regiment in July, 1862, lieutenant-colonel and colonel in the same year, participated in the battles of Fredericksburg. Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg, and served under General Joseph Hooker at Lookout Mountain, but, being dangerously wounded, was disabled from further field duty. He was appointed brigadier-general of volunteers on 13 January, 1863, received the brevet of major-general of volunteers on 13 August, 1865, and was mustered out on 10 July, 1866. For nearly twenty years he was surveyor of the port of Boston. General Underwood published "Three Years' Service of the Twenty-third Massachusetts Infantry" (Boston. 1881).
Appletons’ Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 1888, Vol. VI, p. 209.

UNDERWOOD, John Cox, engineer, born in Georgetown, D. C., 12 September, 1840, moved to Kentucky with his father. After graduation at Rensselaer polytechnic institute in 1862, he entered the Confederate Army and served as a military engineer in Virginia, but was captured in 1863 and confined in prisons in Cincinnati and Boston until the close of the war. He then returned to Kentucky, where he has since engaged in engineering, and has contributed to the improvement of his part of the state. He was engineer in charge of the public works of Warren County, City engineer of Bowling Green in 1868-'75, and mayor of that town in 1870-'2. He was active in the reorganization of the Democratic Party in Kentucky, was a member of the state executive committee, Speaker of the Senate in 1876, where his casting-vote defeated the whipping-post bill, and in 1876-'80 was lieutenant-governor of Kentucky. Mr. Underwood established the "Kentucky Intelligencer" in Bowling Green, but transferred this journal to Louisville, and consolidated it with the " Post." In 1881 he moved to Covington, and organized a daily newspaper publishing company in Cincinnati, Ohio, where in 1882 the " Daily News," of which he was general manager, began to be issued. He has published various official documents in the form of pamphlets and reports.
Appletons’ Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 1888, Vol. VI, p. 211.

UPSHUR, John Henry, naval officer, born in Northampton County, Virginia, 5 December, 1823, changed his name from Nottingham to that of his mother, Upshur, when he entered the U.S. Navy to gratify her wish, as the Upshur family was conspicuous in naval annals. He became a midshipman, 4 November, 1841, and cruised in the sloop "St. Mary's" in 1843-6, in which he joined the squadron in the Gulf of Mexico during the Mexican War. He served in the naval battery during the bombardment of Vera Cruz, 10 to 25 March, 1847, and after the fall of that city he attended the naval school, becoming a passed midshipman, 10 August, 1847. He was promoted to master, 18 July, 1855, and to lieutenant, 14 September, 1855, served in the frigate "Cumberland" on the coast of Africa to suppress the slave-trade in 1858-'9, and was an instructor at the Naval Academy in 1859-'61. When the war began he was assigned to the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, and participated in the capture of the forts at Hatteras inlet and in the sounds of North Carolina in 1861. He was executive officer of the steam frigate "Wabash" at the capture of Port Royal, and commanded  four boats in Cornet: Commander C. R. P. Rodgers's expedition in the inland coast waters in the vicinity of Port Royal and Beaufort, South Carolina. He was in charge of the steamer "Flambeau," of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, in 1862-'3 in operations on the coast of South Carolina, he was promoted to lieutenant-commander, 16 July, 1862, assigned to the steam frigate "Minnesota," of the North Atlantic Blockading Squadron, in 1863-'4, and had the steamer "A. D. Vance" (a blockade-runner whose name was changed to the "Frolic ") in 1864-'5, in which he took part in both engagements at Fort Fisher. He was promoted to commander, 25 July, 1866, and given the " Frolic," on the Mediterranean station, in 1865-'7. After promotion to captain, 31 January, 1872, he served as a member of the board of inspectors in 1877-'80. He had a leave of absence, during which he visited Europe, in 1880, and upon his return was a member of the board of examiners. He was commandant of the Brooklyn Navy-yard in 1882-'4, and commander-in-chief of the Pacific Station in 1884-'5. He was promoted to rear-admiral, 1 October, 1884, and was voluntarily placed on the retired list, 1 June, 1885.

UPTON, Emory, soldier, born in Batavia, Genesee County, New York, 27 August, 1839; died in San Francisco, California, 14 March, 1881. He was educated at Oberlin College and at the U. S. Military Academy, where he was graduated in Mav, 1861, eighth in a class of forty-five, and made 2d lieutenant in the 4th U.S. Artillery. On 14 May he became 1st lieutenant in the 5th U.S. Artillery. During the first year of the Civil War he was assigned to duty in the defences of Washington, and was present at Bull Run, where he was wounded. He commanded his battery during the early part of 1862 in the Virginia Peninsular Campaign, including all actions to Glendale, and subsequently a regiment and brigade of artillery in the Maryland Campaign. He was appointed colonel of the 121st New York Volunteers in October, 1862, and was conspicuously engaged at the head of a brigade of the 6th Corps, Army of the Potomac, until the close of 1863. He received the brevet of major on 8 November, 1863, for gallant service at the battle of Rappahannock Station. Virginia During the Wilderness Campaign of 1864 he bore an active part, especially at Spotsylvania. where he won the brevet of lieutenant-colonel, U. S. A.. 10 May, 1864, and was wounded while leading the assaulting column of twelve regiments of his corps. For this he was appointed on the spot a brigadier-general of volunteers, 12 May, 1864. He was present during the siege of Petersburg, in the defence of the capital in July, 1864, and in the Shenandoah Campaign, where, while commanding a division of infantry at the battle of the Opequan, he was severely wounded. On 19 September, 1864, he was brevetted colonel, U. S. A., for gallant and meritorious services at Winchester, Virginia, 19 October, 1864, and also received the brevet 'was in command of the 4th U.S. Cavalry Division under General James H. Wilson during the closing operations in Alabama and Georgia. He became captain in the 5th Regiment of U.S. Artillery on 22 February, 1865, was brevetted brigadier-general, U. S. Army, on 13 March, 1865, for gallant service at Selma, Alabama, and also received the brevet of major-general, U. S. Army, for services in the field during the Civil War. He was in command of the 1st Cavalry Division in the District of Kast Tennessee in July and August, 1865, and of the District of Colorado from 22 August, 1865, till 30 April, 1866, when he was mustered out of the volunteer service. In the reorganization he became lieutenant-colonel, 25th U.S. Infantry, 28 July, 1866. He had employment in the intervals of active service in preparing an original system of tactics for the use of the military forces of the government, and in 1867 his system for infantry was adopted. He was commandant of cadets at the U. S. Military Academy in 1870-'5, and member of a "board to assimilate the tactics" in 1873, when his system, modified for artillery and cavalry, was also accepted. General Upton was sent on a tour of inspection of the armies of Europe and Asia in 1875-"7, and on his return was assigned to the artillery-school at Fort Monroe, and wrote his official report, which was published by the government in 1878. He became colonel of the 4th U.S. Artillery in 1880, and soon afterward joined his regiment at the Presidio, San Francisco, California His mind became affected, and he committed suicide. In his last days he was engaged in tactical studies and in writing a work on "The Military Policy of the United States," which is being prepared for publication by General James H. Wilson. He published "A New System of Infantry Tactics" (New York, 1867; 2d ed., 1874); "Tactics for Non-Military Bodies " (1870); and " The Armies of Asia and Europe" (1878). See "Life and Letters of Major-General Emory Upton," by Peter S. Michie (New York, 1885). Appletons’ Cyclopaedia of American Biography, 1888, Vol. VI, pp. 214-215.